Hyperemesis gravidarum during pregnancy

How to alleviate hyperemesis gravidarum during pregnancy?

What Is hyperemesis gravidarum?

Hyperemesis gravidarum is one of the worst and most uncomfortable conditions that happen to pregnant women. It is a term that describes severe nausea and vomiting, usually more than four times a day, which results in dizziness, dehydration, unplanned weight loss, and headaches. It occurs in the first trimester of pregnancy.

Fortunately, hyperemesis gravidarum is an uncommon disorder, it mostly happens in multiple pregnancies. Being overweight or a first-time mother might increase your risk of hyperemesis gravidarum.

hyperemesis gravidarum

Effect of hyperemesis gravidarum

This condition should be treated be because it can result in many adverse effects such as dehydration, nutritional deficiencies, and feeling of depression and anxiety.

Also, maternal under-nutrition affects the baby in the long term and increases the risk of developing type-2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and obesity.

Treatment of hyperemesis gravidarum


Medicine can be used to treat nausea and vomiting, and they can be also eased by following some nutritional tips.

  •  Eating small frequent meals.

  • Eating dry foods such as crackers and biscuits, especially in the morning.

  • Eating bland foods

  • Decreasing stress and trying to get more rest during the day.

  • Avoiding any odors that might trigger nausea.

  • Taking vitamin B6 supplements (10 to 25 mg per day).

  • 1 to 1.5 mg of ginger might help in alleviating nausea, it can be taking in a tea or as a supplement.

  • Daily supplements should be delayed until nausea is relieved

  • Taking Thiamin supplements (1.5 mg/day)

Following these tips will help pregnant women feel better and live their daily life easier. At Lina’s and Dina’s Diet Center, we have The Maternity Program that is designed to alleviate nausea and vomiting, provide the nutritional needs of the expecting mother, and takes into consideration individual differences of your body reacting to pregnancy. 

Click to Know more about our maternity program.


References:
Bhatia J, Bhutta ZA, Kalhan SC (eds): Maternal and Child Nutrition: The First 1,000 Days. Nestlé Nutr Inst Workshop Ser. Nestec Ltd. Vevey/S. Karger AG Basel, 2013, vol 74, pp 11-25. doi: 10.1159/000348384
   https://www.hyperemesis.org/about-hyperemesis-gravidarum/
 https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/12232-hyperemesis-gravidarum-severe-nausea--vomiting-during-pregnancy

Fall C. H. (2013). Fetal malnutrition and long-term outcomes. Nestle Nutrition Institute workshop series74, 11–25.

Lina's & Dina's Nutrition Consultant
11 October, 2021
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